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THIS SITE USES THE CHARACTER ENCODING WINDOWS 1250

DARSENI A DAILEKTI E DAKSAR NAZDEGI E EURANSI EST

ALPHABET

ASPIRATED SOUNDS

OTHER SOUNDS

DIPHTHONGS

 


G R A M M A R


N O U N S

nation milyet [miljet] a nation milyetin [miljetin] nations
year sle [sO:le] a year slen [sO:len] years
law tra [tO:ra] a law tran [tO:ran] laws
spirit ravn [ravO:n] a spirit ravnm [ravO:n6m] spirits
man man [man] a man mn [m6n] men
body sarke [sarke:] a body sarken [sarken] bodies
newspaper ruzname [ru:zname] a newspaper ruznamen [ru:znamen] newspapers
human being ademi [a:demi:] a human being ademin [a:demin] people

CASE PARTICLES

CASE EXAMPLE (sg.) TRANSLATION (sg.) EXAMPLE (pl.) TRANSLATION (pl.)
nominative darya sea daryan seas
genitive e / i darya of sea e / i daryan of seas
dative ke darya to(wards) sea ke daryan to(wards) seas
accusative r darya (the) sea r daryan (the) seas
vocative darya oh sea (!) daryan oh seas (!)
locative dr darya in / on sea dr daryan in / on seas
instrumental a darya by sea a daryan by seas
ablative / iz darya from sea / iz daryan from seas

A D J E C T I V E S

COMPARISON + POSITIVE KOMPARATIVE + SUPERLATIVE +
good thing (1) reza i behine / behli reza i behtar reza i behtevi
good thing (2) reza i behine / behli reza i betar behine reza i daksar behine
COMPARISON - POSITIVE KOMPARATIVE - SUPERLATIVE -
good thing reza i behine / behli reza i komtar behine reza i hurtar behine

P R O N O U N S

  1st sg 2nd sg 3rd sg 1st pl 2nd pl 3rd pl
PERSONAL (1) me te he ne ve de
PERSONAL (2) mey tey hey ney vey dey
POSSESSIVE (1) -i mey -i tey -i hey -i ney -i vey -i dey
POSSESSIVE (2) e mey e tey e hey e ney e vey e dey
POSSESSIVE (3) mtr ttr htr ntr vtr dtr

OTHER PRONOUNS

DARSENI ENGLISH CZECH
er [er] this / that ten
in [in] this, these tento, tito
an [a:n] that, those tamten, tamti
vehi [veh\i] this tento
vehin [veh\in] these tito
vohu [voh\u] that tamten
vohun [voh\un] those tamti
ensur [ensu:r] such takov
msln [m1sl1n] the same (ten)t
har [h\ar] each, every kad
kul [kul] whole; all cel, ve(chen)
harva [h\arva] whole; all cel, ve(chen)
ce [tSe] who kdo
ci [tSi] what co
e [Se] who kdo
i [Si] what co
cehine [tSeh\ine] what a; which, what kind jak
ehine [Seh\ine] what a; which, what kind jak
dehiye [deh\i:je] which kter; jen
cehiye [tSeh\i:je] whose
barxey [barxej] some njak, nkter
hrford [h\1rfort] somebody, someone nkdo
rezahr [rezah\1r] something nco
hargn [h\arg1n] any jakkoli(v), kterkoli(v)
harsr [h\ars1r] anybody, anyone kdokoli(v)
hardr [h\ard1r] anything cokoli(v)
hickey [h\itSkej] none dn, nijak
hicford [h\itSfort] nobody nikdo
hictr [h\itSt1r] nothing nic
se(y) [se(j)] (one)self se, si
mkm [mE:k1m] with me se mnou
tkm [tE:k1m] with you {sg.} s tebou
hkm [h\E:k1m] with him s nm
nkm [nE:k1m] with us s nmi
vkm [vE:k1m] with you s vmi
dkm [dE:k1m] with them s nimi
mdr [mE:d1r] in me ve mn
tdr [tE:d1r] in you {sg.} v tob
hdr [h\E:d1r] in him v nm
ndr [nE:d1r] in us v ns
vdr [vE:d1r] in you ve vs
ddr [dE:d1r] in them v nich
mesuye [mesu:je] to me ke mn
tesuye [tesu:je] to you {sg.} k tob
hesuye [h\esu:je] to him k nmu
nesuye [nesu:je] to us k nm
vesuye [vesu:je] to you k vm
desuye [desu:je] to them k nim
msine [mE:sine] without me beze mne
tsine [tE:sine] without you {sg.} bez tebe
hsine [h\E:sine] without him bez nj / nho
nsine [nE:sine] without us bez ns
vsine [vE:sine] without you bez vs
dsine [dE:sine] without them bez nich
birmey [birmej] on me na mn
birtey [birtej] on you {sg.} na tob
birhey [birh\ej] on him na nm
birney [birnej] on us na ns
birvey [birvej] on you na vs
birdey [birdej] on them na nich

A R T I C L E S

They don't exist at all in this constructed language.

N U M E R A L S

NUMERAL CARDINAL ORDINAL
0 sefr sefrm
1 yek yekm
2 dau dauhm
3 sey seyhm
4 cehr cehrm
5 panj panjm
6 ast astm
7 hft hftm
8 hat hatm
9 noi noihm
10 dest destm
11 yekune yegunm
12 dauhune dauhunm
13 seyhune seyhunm
14 cehrune cehrunm
15 panjune panjunm
16 astune astunm
17 hftune hftunm
18 hatune hatunm
19 noihune noihunm
20 daudest daudestm
30 seydest seydestm
40 cehdest cehdestm
50 panjest panjestm
60 asdest asdestm
70 hfdest hfdestm
80 hadest hadestm
90 noidest noidestm
97 noidest-hft noidest-hftm
100 satm satmm
1 000 hezr hezrm
1 000 000 astra astraym
1 000 000 000 noitra noitraym

GENERIC NUMERALS: -(e)jayim {astejayim, noihunjayim, hadestejayim}
MULTIPLICATION: -(e)siyan {hftesiyan, dauhunsiyan, satmesiyan}

Cardinal: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Ordinal: 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Generic: 0n 1n 2n3n 4n 5n 6n 7n 8n 9n Multiplication: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

V E R B S

a) Irregular verb E S T U N = to be :

PAST TENSE bad [ba:t]
PRESENT TENSE est [est]
FUTURE TENSE erv [erf]
INFINITIVE MOOD estun [estun]
CONJUNCTIVE MOOD bye [bO:je]
CONDITIONAL MOOD vdam bad [vE:dam ba:t]
IMPERATIVE MOOD bud [bu:t]
PAST TRANSGRESSIVE bade [ba:de]
PRESENT TRANSGRESSIVE esta [esta]
FUTURE TRANSGRESSIVE aresta [aresta]
VERBAL NOUN este [este]

b) Irregular verb N I S T U N = not to be :

PAST TENSE navad [navat]
PRESENT TENSE nist [ni:st]
FUTURE TENSE narv [narf]
INFINITIVE MOOD nistun [ni:stun]
CONJUNCTIVE MOOD na:ye [na:je]
CONDITIONAL MOOD vdam navad [vE:dam nava:t]
IMPERATIVE MOOD nabud [nabu:t]
PAST TRANSGRESSIVE navade [nava:de]
PRESENT TRANSGRESSIVE nista [ni:sta]
FUTURE TRANSGRESSIVE naresta [na:resta]
VERBAL NOUN niste [ni:ste]

c) Irregular verb D R U N = to have :

PAST TENSE drad [dO:rat]
PRESENT TENSE drid [dO:ri:t]
FUTURE TENSE kuham drid [ku:h\am dO:ri:t]
INFINITIVE MOOD drun [dO:run]
CONJUNCTIVE MOOD bedre [bedO:re]
CONDITIONAL MOOD vdam drad [vE:dam dO:rat]
IMPERATIVE MOOD drev [dO:rev1:]
PAST TRANSGRESSIVE draya [dO:raja]
PRESENT TRANSGRESSIVE medra [medO:ra]
FUTURE TRANSGRESSIVE drarva [dO:rarva]
VERBAL NOUN date [daSte]

d) Irregular verb N A D R U N = not to have :

PAST TENSE nadrad [nadO:rat]
PRESENT TENSE nadrid [nadO:ri:t]
FUTURE TENSE kuham nadrid [ku:h\am nadO:ri:t]
INFINITIVE MOOD nadrun [nadO:run]
CONJUNCTIVE MOOD nadre [nadO:re]
CONDITIONAL MOOD vdam nadrad [vE:dam nadO:rat]
IMPERATIVE MOOD nadrev [nadO:rev1:]
PAST TRANSGRESSIVE nadraya [nadO:raja]
PRESENT TRANSGRESSIVE namedra [namedO:ra]
FUTURE TRANSGRESSIVE nadrarva [nadO:rarva]
VERBAL NOUN nadate [na:daSte]

e) Regular verb K E R D U N = to do / make :

PAST TENSE kerdad [kerdat]
PRESENT TENSE kerdid [kerdi:t]
FUTURE TENSE kuham kerd [ku:h\am kert]
INFINITIVE MOOD kerdun [kerdun]
CONJUNCTIVE MOOD bekerde [bekerde]
CONDITIONAL MOOD vdam kerdad [vE:dam kerdat]
IMPERATIVE MOOD kerdev [kerdev1:]
PAST TRANSGRESSIVE kerdaya [kerdaja]
PRESENT TRANSGRESSIVE mikerda [mi:kerda]
FUTURE TRANSGRESSIVE kerdarva [kerdarva]
VERBAL NOUN kerde [kerde]
PAST PARTICIPLE ACTIVE kerdim [kerdimE:]
PRESENT PARTICIPLE ACTIVE mikerdavi [mi:kerdavi:]
FUTURE PARTICIPLE ACTIVE kerdari [kerdari:]
PAST PARTICIPLE PASSIVE kerdiye [kerdi:je]
PRESENT PARTICIPLE PASSIVE kerdasi [kerdasi:]
FUTURE PARTICIPLE PASSIVE kerdarsi [kerdarsi:]

f) Regular verb N A K E R D U N = not to do / make :

PAST TENSE nakerdad [na:kerdat]
PRESENT TENSE nakerdid [na:kerdi:t]
FUTURE TENSE kuham nakerd [ku:h\am na:kert]
INFINITIVE MOOD nakerdun [na:kerdun]
CONJUNCTIVE MOOD nakerde [na:kerde]
CONDITIONAL MOOD vedam nakerdad [vE:dam na:kerdat]
IMPERATIVE MOOD nakerdev [na:kerdev1:]
PAST TRANSGRESSIVE nakerdaya [na:kerdaja]
PRESENT TRANSGRESSIVE namikerda [nami:kerda]
FUTURE TRANSGRESSIVE nakerdarva [na:kerdarva]
VERBAL NOUN nakerde [na:kerde]
PAST PARTICIPLE ACTIVE nakerdim [na:kerdimE:]
PRESENT PARTICIPLE ACTIVE nakerdavi [na:kerdavi:]
FUTURE PARTICIPLE ACTIVE nakerdari [na:kerdari:]
PAST PARTICIPLE PASSIVE nakerdiye [na:kerdi:je]
PRESENT PARTICIPLE PASSIVE nakerdasi [na:kerdasi:]
FUTURE PARTICIPLE PASSIVE nakerdarsi [na:kerdarsi:]

CHOSEN REGULAR VERBS

mastun to have to / must muset
sidrun to see vidt
morun to be allowed / may moci, smt
nayzun to need potebovat
danun to know znt, umt, vdt
avun to become / happen stt se
istdun to stay zstat
holdun to hold dret
sdun to sit sedt
sabrun to wait ekat
fekrun to think myslet
ravun to go jet
gorvun to change (z)mnit
omarun to speak mluvit
xostun to want chtt
netun to write pst
evasun to drink pt
xordun to eat jst
fyadun to walk jt
girun to give d(va)t
sovun to sleep spt
getun to get dostat
parzun to come pijt, pichzet
yrun to forgive prominout
baun to exist bt, existovat
lamsun to feel (po)ctit
omidun to hope doufat
ahavun to love milovat
anavun to meet setkat / potkat se
sarayun to praise chvlit, dobroeit
sorudun to sing zpvat

ADVERBS

zeyd [zejO:d] also, additionally, too
partam [pa:rtam] apart, separately
vehjaye [veh\dZaje] here
etur [Setu:r] how
yad [SO:jad] maybe, perhaps, possibly
fatam [faGtam] only, solely, exclusively
vohjaye [voh\dZaje] there
beiham [be:jh\am] together
hur [h\ur] how
van [van] when
var [va:r] where
lama [lama] why
largam [largam] far
nazdikam [nazdikam] near
vatam [vaGtam] early, premature
nasega [na:sega] late, tardy
frsar [fO:rsar] at least, not less than
hadsar [h\atsar] at most, only, just, merely, not more than
besyr [besjO:r] much, very
betar [beStar] more
daksar [daksar] most
biraze [biraze:] little
komtar [komtar] less
hurtar [h\urtar] least
haylin [h\ajlin] enough, sufficiently
hardika [h\a:rdika] almost, nearly
sayd [sajO:d] too much, excessively
zkom [zE:kom] too little, insufficiently
bala [bala:] up
zera [zera:] down
diariya [diari:ja] away
akhaba [akhaba:] back
xalfana [xalfana:] backward
sarbala [sarbala:] forward, ahead
morata [mora:ta] again, re-, once more
ralbana [ralba:na] frequently, often
ndarta [nE:darta] seldom, rarely
dayma [dajma:] always
vohvan [voh\va::n] ever
nahvan [nah\va::n] never
hmin [h\E:min] already
taspara [taspara] still, yet
samruz [samru:z] yesterday
vehruz [veh\ru:z] today
vohruz [voh\ru:z] tomorrow
kadar [kadar] how much / many
davena [da:vena] long ago
havya [h\avO:ja] recently
hla [h\O:la] now
bezda [bezO:da] soon
soi [so:j] so
sarenja [sa:rendZa] eventually
ekram [Sekram] quickly, rapidly, swiftly
ahesta [a:h\esta] slowly
sarvata [sarva::ta] always
prestuta [prestu:ta] timely, prompt, on time

 

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